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Setup and Features
Drill Bits
Drill Press Safety
Drill Press Speeds
Laying Out the Work
Supporting the Work
General Drilling
Drilling at an Angle
Drilling Using Special Setups
Drilled Moldings
Metal Drilling
Drilling Plastics

Drill Press
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Drilling Using Special Setups

Whether you are doing production work or simply wish to reduce layout functions on a single piece while still achieving accuracy, you can work with setups using Mark V accessories or others that you invent to suit a particular application.

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Figure 7-36. The rip fence guarantees all holes will have exactly the same edge distances.

A basic setup, one that is needed quite often, is demonstrated in Figure 7-36. The job calls for a series of holes on a common centerline to have the same edge distance. The work is marked for hole spacing; the fence is adjusted for the edge distance. When adjusting the fence, lock it in an approximate position and then use the table height lever (Model 500) or the table height crank (Model 510) as a forward feed mechanism to make the final adjustment. When holes with the same edge distance are required on both edges of the stock, all you have to do to drill the second set of holes is turn the work so its opposite edge is against the fence.


Figure 7-37. An example of how the rip fence and miter gauge are used together. Since the miter gauge has its own lock screw (in the bar), it doesn't have to be clamped.

In some situations, the rip fence and the miter gauge are used together (Figure 7-37). Because of the special screw and slot in its bar, the miter gauge's position can be secured without the use of clamps.

Even small pieces, like round pieces of dowels, can be organized for similar drilling on any number of pieces. The drill hole and the dowel accommodation hole are bored on the same centerline. You are then assured that the hole in each piece will be centered and will have the same edge distance (Figure 7-38).





Figure 7-38. Setups are invented to suit particular applications. Once this setup is made, any number of pieces can be accurately drilled.


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Figure 7-39. Another example of a hole locating setup. Bushings may be placed in drill guide holes to assure that holes will not become distorted by repetitive drilling. Bushing must be used when drillin metal.

Another example of a hole locat-ing setup is shown in Figure 7-39. The design depends, of course, on the work that must be done. Using bushings will assure that the guide hole or holes will not become dis-torted by repetitive drilling.




Using a Hole-Spacing Guide

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Figure 7-40. The hole-spacing guide allows you to form equally spaced holes on a common centerline without extensive layout work. It's designed for working on stock of various widths and thicknesses..

If you make the hole-spacing guide that is shown in Figure 7-40, you will be able to accurately drill a series of equally spaced holes, all with the same edge distance, without having to do layout work. The fence is locked in approximate position and the table is adjusted so drilling will occur on the centerline of the workpiece. After the first hole is drilled, the guide is adjusted so the guide pin will engage that hole and position the workpiece for the next hole. The procedure is then repeated-drill a hole, lift the guide pin so you can reposition the workpiece, insert the guide pin in the last hole, and position the workpiece for the next hole (Figure 7-41).

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Figure 7-41. After the first hole is drilled, the guide is positioned for the required hole spacing. The guide pin engages one hole to position the workpiece for the following one.


Figure 7-42. Construction details of the hole-spacing guide.

The guide is made by following Figure 7-42. The large holes are for the post-either the mortising holddown post or 5/8" diameter bar stock-that is secured to the rip fence (Model 500) or a fence extension with a hole drilled in the top (Model 510). The small holes are for the guide pin. The guide pin is 1/4" dia. so you can only drill 1/4" dia. holes, but this is not a limitation. If you need larger holes, mount the proper size dowel to the end of the guide pin to enlarge it to the proper size.


Figure 7-43. A stip of wood, sized to fit the table slot, provides a pivot point so the workpiece can be rotated when equally spaced holes are needed on a circumference. The distance from the pivot point to the bit is the radius of the circle on which the holes are needed.

When you need holes that must be equally spaced around a circumference and have the same distance from a center, you can work accurately by using a pivot guide as shown in Figure 7-43. The guide is a table slot size strip of wood with a small nail driven through it that projects just enough to seat in the stock. The guide is clamped in place and the table is adjusted so the distance from the pivot to the center of the bit equals the radius you need. The distance between holes is determined by laying out equally spaced segments. Caution: If the project calls for through holes, mount a piece of plywood to the guide strip to back up the bit.

Figure 7-44. Construction details of an indexing devise that will automaticlly position the workpiece regardless of hole spacing or radial distance.

Another option is to make an indexing device (Figure 7-44). The guide disk has equally spaced holes around its edge so it can be turned a specific amount and held there by the guide pin that passes through the guide block. Since the workpiece turns with the disk, the holes you need will also be equally spaced. Caution: When the holes must be drilled through the workpiece, mount a scrap backup to the indexing device.

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